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       fsck.minix [-larvsmf] device


       fsck.minix performs a consistency check for the Linux MINIX filesystem.
       The current version supports the 14 character and 30 character filename

       The program assumes the filesystem is quiescent.  fsck.minix should not
       be used on a mounted device unless you can be sure nobody is writing to
       it  (and  remember that the kernel can write to it when it searches for

       The device name will usually have the following form:
              /dev/hda[1-63] (IDE disk 1)
              /dev/hdb[1-63] (IDE disk 2)
              /dev/sda[1-15] (SCSI disk 1)
              /dev/sdb[1-15] (SCSI disk 2)

       If the filesystem was changed (i.e., repaired),  then  fsck.minix  will
       print  "FILE  SYSTEM  HAS  CHANGED" and will sync(2) three times before
       exiting.  Since Linux does not currently have raw devices, there is  no
       need to reboot at this time.


       fsck.minix   should  not  be  used  on  a  mounted  filesystem.   Using
       fsck.minix on a mounted filesystem is very dangerous, due to the possi-
       bility  that deleted files are still in use, and can seriously damage a
       perfectly good filesystem!  If you absolutely have to run fsck.minix on
       a  mounted filesystem (i.e., the root filesystem), make sure nothing is
       writing to the disk, and that no files are "zombies" waiting for  dele-


       -l     List all filenames.

       -r     Perform interactive repairs.

       -a     Perform  automatic  repairs.  (This option implies -r and serves
              to answer all of the questions asked with  the  default.)   Note
              that  this  can  be extremely dangerous in the case of extensive
              filesystem damage.

       -v     Be verbose.

       -s     Output super-block information.

       -m     Activate MINIX-like "mode not cleared" warnings.

       -f     Force a filesystem check even if the filesystem  was  marked  as
              valid (this marking is done by the kernel when the filesystem is

       0      No errors

       3      Filesystem  errors  corrected,  system  should  be  rebooted  if
              filesystem was mounted

       4      Filesystem errors left uncorrected

       7      Combination of exit codes 3 and 4

       8      Operational error

       16     Usage or syntax error

       In point of fact, only 0, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 16 can ever be returned.


       Linus Torvalds (torvalds@cs.helsinki.fi)
       Error code values by Rik Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu)
       Added   support   for   filesystem   valid    flag:    Dr.    Wettstein
       Check  to  prevent  fsck  of mounted filesystem added by Daniel Quinlan
       Minix v2 fs support  by  Andreas  Schwab  (schwab@issan.informatik.uni-
       dortmund.de), updated by Nicolai Langfeldt (janl@math.uio.no)
       Portability patch by Russell King (rmk@ecs.soton.ac.uk).


       The  fsck.minix command is part of the util-linux package and is avail-
       able from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.

util-linux July 1996 FSCK(8)

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