The term composition refers to the content of a photograph; specifically, the way everything in the photo is laid out. This includes the subject matter, the relative size and positions of objects within the photo, lighting and tonal balance, etc.
There are lots of rules about composition, most of them fairly simple. If you follow the rules (at least when you're starting out) you will find your photos naturally become better.
One of the most important rules in photographic composition is the rule of thirds. This topic is already covered in our video tutorials so you can go there to read about it.
The following pages provide more tips on composition:
- Be clear about the subject
- Compose the entire frame, not just the subject
- Use different camera angles
- Strive for balance
- Use lines